The Battle of Jutland – Royal Navy vs. German Imperial Navy I THE GREAT WAR Week 97



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The Battle of Jutland or the Skagerrakschlacht was arguably the biggest naval battle in history and a turning point of World War 1 as the German High Seas Fleet failed to break through the Royal Navy’s blockade of the North Sea. The set trap of U-Boats fails to spring and even though more British ships were lost in the battle, it was a strategical defeat for the Germans.

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Videos: British Pathé
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Literature (excerpt):
Gilbert, Martin. The First World War. A Complete History, Holt Paperbacks, 2004.
Hart, Peter. The Great War. A Combat History of the First World War, Oxford University Press, 2013.
Hart, Peter. The Great War. 1914-1918, Profile Books, 2013.
Stone, Norman. World War One. A Short History, Penguin, 2008.
Keegan, John. The First World War, Vintage, 2000.
Hastings, Max. Catastrophe 1914. Europe Goes To War, Knopf, 2013.
Hirschfeld, Gerhard. Enzyklopädie Erster Weltkrieg, Schöningh Paderborn, 2004
Michalka, Wolfgang. Der Erste Weltkrieg. Wirkung, Wahrnehmung, Analyse, Seehamer Verlag GmbH, 2000
Leonhard, Jörn. Die Büchse der Pandora: Geschichte des Ersten Weltkrieges, C.H. Beck, 2014

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34 thoughts on “The Battle of Jutland – Royal Navy vs. German Imperial Navy I THE GREAT WAR Week 97

  1. Aliasalpha says:

    I know it's Scheer but I can't help but hear Cher and now I'm thinking she really could turn back time…

  2. Dark Dragonnn says:

    Seriously why were dreadnoughts Stopped being made they were super over powered and now there’s only just submarines and aircraft

  3. darius alexandru says:

    naval battles are awesome

  4. NICHOLAS ARNOLD says:

    Guess the battle of mount sorrel wasn't that big of a deal

  5. SinJim Smythe says:

    I think HMS Lion survived not because its magazine flooded but because an RM officer onboard told the bridge to flood it after a shell strike next to him (killed him in the end) endangered the magazine

    Small diff but thought might be interesting!

  6. Danilo Ogorodov says:

    Imagine how scary is it to be on a merchant ship sailing between two largest fleets of the world, one of which is known for sinking any shipping without warning .

  7. Sure out of a strategic perspective the outcome favoured the british. However to me it’s clear that the germans won the battle/engagement based on the loss of tonnage and lives.

  8. Owel James Cenidoza says:

    That merchant ship must have been carrying SABATON

  9. Abdelmoumene Ph says:

    Fortunately for Churchill he was sacked before the defeat in the battle of Jutland

  10. Broken Bridge says:

    The British should've been better prepared at Jutland. But weren't. And so paid the price. Nice job.

  11. I think it's an important point that the notion of 'our speed will be our armor' was meant to refer to a battlecruiser outgunning anything fast enough to catch it, and being faster than the dreadnoughts that could hurt it. Battlecruisers were essentially dreadnoughts with light armor, they had the same large caliber guns but were not designed to ever take a hit from the sort of guns they carried. In short, the idea was never for battlecruisers to fight dreadnoughts or each other, they should not have been included on a line of ships in a large battle, as that wasn't their function.

    So why were they there? If interested, the book 'Dreadnought' goes into it really well. When the British built the HMS Dreadnought, an all-big-gun ship with heavy armor, they essentially made every other ship obsolete. While this sounds great for them, they had basically reset all navies to zero and lost the advantage of their existing massive navy. This allowed other countries like Germany to realistically compete in a naval arms race. So as both Britain and Germany kept building dreadnoughts, Britain struggled to stay far enough ahead to feel comfortable. So they basically developed cheaper nerfed dreadnoughts called battlecruisers. At first everyone understood that they would never be used against a dreadnought in battle, but eventually the math dictated that they started to just be factored in. The logic was circular, but battlecruisers had big enough guns to hurt dreadnoughts, so it was hard to justify keeping them out of the battle, but they really could not take a hit and had no place being on the line. Many warned about it, Jutland proved it.

  12. L Haviland says:

    7:48 Rule Britta… oh wait never mind.

  13. Jeffrey Baker says:

    How on earth can't this guy pronounce any of the key names of this battle properly… Beatty, Scheer and Jutland. 🙈

  14. Václav Fejt says:

    What was wrong with their bloody ships? Beatty!

  15. theodoros meliadis says:

    Cantorna is still unsure for the attack…

  16. Nathan John Williamson says:

    I remember reading about Jutland that the Royal Navy left hatches etc open to allow faster firing of guns and movement which meant explosions where more devastating but allowed them to inflict more damage on german ships.

  17. Owel James Cenidoza says:

    I bet that merchant ship carry SABATON

  18. Randomly Entertaining says:

    Just a side note. Beatty was a horrible admiral. There's a channel called Drachinfel that deals with naval warfare and has some great videos about Jutland.

  19. A tactical victory for the Germans and a strategic victory for the British.

  20. T4 Studios says:

    It’s pronounced Jut-land

  21. Son of the Wolf, Guardian of the Fang. says:

    3:00 some poor merchant ship

    0o0

  22. Oisin Fitzgerald says:

    I have an exam on 20th century naval history this week and I have to admit, its really impressive, the accuracy which this channel deals with this episode, possibly the most important naval engagement of the war. From the fact about the magazine doors being left open on the HMS Lion and HMS Queen Mary, to the fact that Germany strategically lost this battle.

  23. CplHotPockets says:

    Several British battleships blew up

  24. CplHotPockets says:

    149 British ships vs 111 german ships

  25. Daniel Wolfgang says:

    Ok, at first I was wondering why you mentioned sunk German Destroyers, when every book i have mentions them to be Torpedo Boats. Which causes understable confusion on my end i think. But after a bit of research I found the Reasons, they are all classified as Großes Torpedoboot (Large Torpedo Boat). Which can be classified as a Destroyer today in regards of armament and size.

  26. Thomas Zinser says:

    Excuse me, but the story of flashover is only part of the answer to 'what happened at Jutland'. More important, at least according to Norman Friedman, is that the propellant charges were kept in the turret base without any sort of protection and that the entire turret was basically filled with enough explosion to overwhelm the safety interlocks even if they were used.

  27. Why on Earth would anyone name a ship the 'Invincible'? That's not just tempting Fate, that's poking it with a stick.

  28. 35627819028353729-4984653 says:

    I hate it when people say this wasnt a British victory. The royal navy left the grand fleet so badly damaged it couldnt sail for months and was scared to fight the British. Meanwhile the British were sailing the next day and continued to have control of the seas and continued to blockade the germans which won the war

  29. apiece ofdirt says:

    I’m sure others have commented but the reasons for the 3 British Battlecruiser destruction wasn’t just insufficient deck and belt armor. There are several reasons worth noting. First, poor naval practices with the handling of cordite because of inaccurate British naval gunfire. Second, poor internal subdivisions with thin deck and belt armor. The overall weak premiss for why the battlecruisers came into being in the first place ALL played equal parts that put the ships in great peril and eventually caused their ultimate destruction. Before WW1 British navy brass knew their naval gunnery was lacking when it came to accuracy and feared running out of projectiles during battle before they could start making divisive shots. To rectify the situation battleships and battlecruisers were allowed to increase the amount of their projectile stores. The extra ammunition were efficiently stored in the bottom of the ships barbettes so they weren’t the problem. Naval shells are relatively inert and it takes a lot of force to set the bursting charge off if a magazine is penetrated. The problem was with the extra cordite charges that had to be stored to launch the extra ammunition. There wasn’t sufficient room down below in the gun turret barbettes to store all of the extra Clarkson cases full of highly combustible cordite so sailors stored that dangerous material inside the gun-houses that weren’t that well protected with armor because being a battlecruisers, none were built with sufficient armor so the ships could reach a higher speed. That lack of armor was their achilles’ heel. The “speed is armor” philosophy was seriously flawed. You’ve got to have armor to keep the seeds of your ships destruction in check. The British never completely learned that message and it was to haunt the British Royal Navy more than 20 years later with the destruction of HMS HOOD. Not only should HOOD have never fought a battle against Bismarck, a battleship in the truest sense, she should’ve never been in the same ocean as the German juggernaut. Although the British halted construction on HOOD to incorporate the lessons learned from Jutland they never gave her an efficient armor scheme!!!! The Royal Navy was completely aware of HOODS glass jaw and they did NOTHING to rectify her deficiencies. They kept putting off her upgrades and then later gave the excuse “war was declared and she couldn’t be spared!” Bullshit!! Even if HOOD had no choice but to participate in her battle against Bismarck she should’ve NEVER been flag but because she was perceived to be this indestructible naval war machine she was front and center for her own death!! Just thought I’d go more in-depth on why HMS QUEEN MARY, INDEFATIGABLE and INVINCIBLE sank from magazine explosions. It wasn’t just thin armor.

  30. RenegadusUnidos says:

    the battle of IYOT LAND

  31. Scott Keegan says:

    The British did some great maneuvering, and used the information they had at the time, but their ships were still outclassed.

  32. Floyd Hillman says:

    Sir, at the battle of Jutland in May 31st 1916 the HMS Lion did not sink when one of it's center turrets was destroyed because a royal marine officer commanding this turret in an act of valor was the one who flooded the magazine so that the Admirals flag ship not blow up..

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